Birth Injuries – Causes, Types, and Treatment

Birth Injuries

Birth injuries are some of worst types of harm a person can sustain because the complications associated with these incidents can stick with an individual for his or her entire life. While these injuries are not too common, they still do occasionally occur.  They can result either from a difficult and unavoidable birth situation or from doctor negligence. The latter, which is preventable, is considered to be one form of medical malpractice.

Causes of These Injuries

Injuries at birth may be cause by a number of different factors. As mentioned, they may be the unavoidable results of difficult delivery situations. However, physicians should be able to handle certain complex circumstances, and they certainly should be able to avoid further complicating matters through their own actions.

Birth injuries commonly arise under the following situations:

· Babies with high birth weights
· Babies with large heads
· Premature babies
· Mothers with smaller, oddly-shaped hips
· Prolonged labor
· Breech delivery
· Use of forceps during delivery
· Dystocia

Again, some injuries that arise from these situations are unavoidable. However, if a doctor’s negligence contributes to your child’s pain and suffering, then malpractice has likely been committed.

Types of Injuries

There are a number of injuries that babies can suffer during the delivery process. It is likely for infants to sustain some bruising during birth, especially if forceps are used. However, more serious injuries can occur, as well. They are less common, but they do still happen:

· Fractures and bone breaks
· Facial paralysis
· Cerebral palsy
· Erb’s palsy
· Cephalohematoma
· Brain damage

Commonly, poor use of forceps can contribute to these complications. 

Treatment for Birth Injuries

Not all birth injuries require treatment. Typically, the baby will be put under observation for worsening or bettering of the condition, and if necessary, the physician will intervene. For more serious complications, therapy may be necessary to help the infant learn to move and control his or her body. Finally, for severe injuries, surgery or immediate trauma treatment may be necessary.

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